I’m a sucker for a good story; I think most of us are. A well-told tale transports you to a different world, a different universe, transforms you into someone you never thought you could be, and introduces you to people you never thought you could meet. Stories terrify, inspire, inform, entertain and in the realm of video games add entirely new dimensions to the player experience. We know that narrative in games is important (50+ hour long RPGs prove it), so after 20 years of fighting games why do the genre’s stories still suck?
Why don’t I have any idea what’s happening in Mortal Kombat? What is going on in the Mishima Zaibatsu? Does anyone know where the Alpha series fits into Street Fighter canon? Welcome ye olde fighting game fanatics and storytelling strumpets to the first part of “Why Fighting Game Stories Lack Substance.”
During this series of posts I’m going to attempt to break down the reasons for the lackluster narrative and plot development in the fighting games of today. Some are historical, like the first point I’ll be making, and some are theoretical, but in the end I hope to shed some light on the legitimate failings of today’s 1 vs. 1 fighters, their causes, and how developers and designers might be able to avoid these pitfalls in the future. Let’s get started!
Level 1 – The Arcade
If any developer, designer, player, or writer absolutely needs to blame the current sorry state of fighting game stories on any one thing, they can blame it on the arcades, the place where this whole mad scene started. The early ancestors of our beloved Street Fighters, KoFs, and Mortal Kombats saw their genesis in the arcades way back in the 1970’s and 80’s. That’s where Ryu scarred the King of Muay Thai in the first World Warrior Tournament and the rest, as they say, is history.
Street Fighter hit arcades in 1987 and became an incredibly popular cabinet. Without any formal explanation of how to pull off Ryu’s soon to be iconic special moves, players were forced to spend their hard-earned quarters figuring out the joystick motions and button pushes needed to throw their very own hadokens and shoryukens. From there they would pit their skills against a host of martial arts experts in a bid to become the world’s greatest street fighter. There was no plot, just the seed of a story trapped within Ryu’s drive to become the best, which has become a central theme in the Street Fighter mythos.
Street Fighter’s ending provides only a hint of Ryu’s masochistic obsession. Thanks to Sonichurricane.com
And therein lies the first piece of the problem: the first incarnation of the most influential fighting game ever had no discernible plot. Yet this dilemma is two-fold, the rest of the blame sitting solidly on the entire arcade mentality: player in – player out. Think about it, most arcade games are incredibly difficult to just pick up and play well, requiring hours and hours and dollars and dollars to master sufficiently. Combine that with flashy screen-obscuring explosions and break-neck speeds and only the players with the fastest reflexes and the best memory could ever hope to beat them. Put all these elements into a cabinet, toss it into a crowded, distracting, noisy arcade and give players a single, solitary life (or three) and you’ve insured that gamers hoping to master the system will throw heaps of currency into your game’s gaping vacuous maw.
Why would a developer write an engrossing narrative for a game that was only supposed to be played for a maximum of five minutes per person? Capcom wasn’t trying to forge a connection between the characters and players, but rather make a butt-load of money in a very short amount of time. They just so happened to create a compelling gameplay system for people to experiment with and exploit. They knew they didn’t have much time to rope players into the experience, so better to grab them with their system than with a story.
As the arcade scene developed, more and more games copied the initial format of the Street Fighter franchise and its predecessors. The “fight past a host of character in 1 vs. 1 fights ’til you reach the boss” formula remains unchanged to this day. While the gameplay blossomed to include a variable cornucopia of new player choices: super meters, advancing guard, guard cancels, custom combos, dashing, aerial raves, and what have you, the format stagnated and would surely smell if anyone stopped to take a sniff.
Why don’t we? Because we don’t need a great story if we have great gameplay, varied character design, and a community of players that wants to play at the highest level. That’s what Street Fighter bred; a new generation of battle hungry fighting gamers, a hardcore group determined to compete and become the best. At that level it doesn’t matter if you’re playing as the despicable dictator or the virtuous hero so long as you win. That’s always been the draw, the one-on-one competition, Capcom knows it, and storytelling fell to the wayside.
Thus ends Round 1 of “Why Fighting Game Stories Lack Substance.” Now you know what started this heinous snafu of craptastic character cliches and negligible narratives. You can blame it on the arcades. But while the arcade scene may be the progenitor of this mess, there are other, more diverse reasons for the sorry state of things so be sure to check back often so you don’t miss the next installment of “WFGSLS.”